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JOURNAL beyond borders


Reviva Regev, Lorraine Serena, Daphna Naor, Edna Ramot, Curator ICC Gallery, Gaby Salzberger, Dorit Feldman, Deganit Schocken, ICC Gallery assistant - artists and organizers of WBB Israel
Reviva Regev, Lorraine Serena, Daphna Naor, Edna Ramot, Gaby Salzberger, Dorit Feldman, Deganit Schocken and others


ICC Contemporary Gallery Binyaney Ha’ooma

Jerusalem, Israel
March 13 – April 27, 1996

Edna Ramot, Director
Daphna Naor, Curator and Coordinator
Ravel Erenberg and Elena Siff, Contacts



Daphna Naor


Women Beyond Borders is an expression of the desire to establish a network of female artists who maintain an international dialogue and engage in mutual visits and joint exhibitions and publications. Worldwide parameters of communication have been made possible with the opening of a WBB Internet site.


Former President Bill Clinton and Former Israeli President Shimon Peres at the Exhibition in Israel
Former President Bill Clinton and Former Israeli President Shimon Peres at the Exhibition in Israel

For the dozens of artists who took up the challenge, the boxes serve as an impetus for a journey into their own inner enchanted worlds to distant temples, longings for a different reality, or expressions of secret hopes. Some artists found in their boxes a means of expressing pain, missed opportunities and despair. Others saw the small boxes as cells of communication through which they shot arrows of humor, optimism and power. Others rebelled against the box, challenging their physical boundaries and went beyond.



Jenifer Bar Lev - Fire, Israel

Jennifer Bar Lev – Fire – Israel
Fire is an important symbol in the Jewish culture. There are many passages in the Bible condemning pagan ritual sacrifices at altars in the forest, and extolling proper burnt sacrifices to the One God:


“…then shalt Thou be pleased with the sacrifices of righteousness with burnt offering…” (Psalm LI: 21)


There are many holidays in which fire plays an important part: Lag BaOmer, when bonfires are made as an echo of the signal fires lit against the Romans during the Bar Kochba rebellion; Hannuka, when the miracle of a lamp containing oil enough for a day burned for eight; the tradition of “soul candles,” which burn for 24 hours on the anniversary of the death of a close family member.


But perhaps the most constant and important fire in Judaism is the Sabbath candles, to be lit on Friday eve by every daughter of Israel. I see the Sabbath candles as a symbol of home and the woman’s duty and privilege to protect and care for her family, physically and spiritually.


My piece contains an unlit Sabbath candle to remind myself that no matter how much women expand our potential as human beings, the role of homemaker is a very profound commitment. It provides the foundation of faith upon which miracles can grow.


Daphna Naor, two guests, and Edna Ramot


Historically, a box is a chest for treasures, a memory of a holy place, a womb or a tomb and linked with gift. These connotations are linked with intimate secret objects that create a space for personal meaning, a diary for sharing ideas with oneself, a place for the safekeeping of memories, for preserving culture, a place to hide from others. It can be viewed as a ‘box of secrets’ which brings a woman closer to her soul and, like a mirror, helps to recognize herself and to define her identity.

– Dr. Talya Birkhahn, Israeli Philosopher of Education